Instruments

Rebab

REBAB: is a three string musical instrument. Two of the strings is metal wrapped around silk and one is of horse tail. The instrument is mostly played on the horse hair string.

It is played with a bow. The bow is also made of horse hair.

The body is made of coconut and generally covered with catfish skin.

Its origins is in Central Asia. According to some rumors, Rumi (Hz. Mevlana) himself played the rebab.

ney

NEY: It is a wind instrument made of cane. The inside is hollow; it has seven holes, its origin is Central Asia.

Kopuz

UD - KOPUZ: It is an eleven stringed instrument played with a pick. It has a wide body and a short neck. Its origin is Central Asia.

Tanbur

TANBUR: It is a long necked, seven stringed instrument, played with a tortoise shell pick.

Ceng

CENG: It is a Central Asian harp with either fourteen or twentyfour strings. It is held under the left arm and played with both hands. It was once used in Mevlevi music.

Kanun

KANUN: It is an Central Asian instrument with seventyfive strings. It is played with two picks while resting on the player's knees.

Saz, Bağlama, Cura

SAZ, BAGLAMA, CURA: It is a seven stringed long necked instrument played with arpegios. It is the chief Anatolian folk music instrument.

Dombra, dutar

DOMBRA (DUTAR): It is a two stringed instrument played with arpegios. It originated among the Kazakh and Kyrgyz and was the special instrument of the Baksi Shamans.

Kılkopuz

KILKOPUZ: This is an instrument with a wooden body and three or four horse tail hair strings. It is played with a bow while resting on the player's knee. It is one of the chief instruments of the Central Asian Shamans.

Rübab

RUBAB (KOCKARCA): This Uzbek Tadjik instrument has a wooden body covered with a skin. It has a long neck. The five strings are played with a pick.

Tar

TAR: This is a long necked Azerbaijan instrument made from mulberry wood and covered with a skin. The eleven strings are played with a pick.

Miskal

MISKAL: This is a Central Asian pan-flute made by tying diffferent sized pieces of cane together in a row.

Gubuz (San kopuz)

GUBUZ (SAN KOPUZ): This instrument is made by attaching a flexible steel strip to a metal hoop. The player puts the gubuz in his mouth and vibrates the steel strip with one hand while inhaling and exhaling. Its origin is Central Asia.

Mey (Balaban)

BALABAN (MEY): This is a wind instrument with a kaval type body. A double reed cane is attached to one end. It is seen in both Central Asia and Anatolia.

Kabak kemane (Gıçek, kemençe)

KABAK KEMANE (GICEK, KEMENCE): The three stringed instrument is played with a bow. The body is made from squash gourd; the neck is made from mulberry wood.

Kaval

KAVAL: These are both types of wooden wind instruments.

Koray

KORAY: This is an Idil-Ural instrument made from a piece of narrow cane. It is played between the teeth and blown.

Sıbızgı

SIBIZGI: This is a wooden Kazakh instrument which is placed between the teeth and blown.

Mazhar (Bendir)

MAZHAR (BENDIR): This is a percussion instrument made by streching a skin over a wooden hoop. Rhythm is produced by striking it with the fingers.

Kudüm

KUDUM: This is a clay drum covered with a skin. A pair are often played with drum sticks called zahme.

Halile, zil

HALILE: These two cymbals are used for rhythm.

Murinhhur

MURINHUR: An instrument of Mongolia and Tuva Region. It has two strings made from horse tail hair and is played with a bow. The neck is decorated with the head of a horse at the top.

Nefir

NEFIR: This is a wind instrument made from horns of the mountain goats.

Cetigen

CETIGEN (YATUGAN): An instrument of Yakutistn and Kazakhstan. It has between 17 to 20 strings and is played on the lap.